KulaGoldMedia_AERPaperCanaccord_Kaolin_PDF

Kaolin and HPA: Something old and something new | Canaccord Genuity Research

⛏️ Kula Gold Limited passes on an Australian Equity Research paper on Kaolin and High Purity Alumina from Cannacord Genuity published in August 2021.

KulaGoldMedia_AERPaperCanaccord_Kaolin_PDF

Read the full paper as a PDF.

Kula Gold made a significant discovery of Kaolin and Halloysite during RC Drilling on the Airfield Gold Project tenement in April 2021, when drilling intersected thick >42m vertical kaolin clay development over the 300m drilled length, creating the Boomerang Kaolin Prospect.

And on August 17, 2021 the company announced SEM imaging at the CSIRO had confirmed the qualitative nature of Halloysite discovered at the project.

Excerpt from the Research below.

Kaolin and HPA: Something old and something new.

Kaolin — a versatile material in use for a thousand years.

Kaolin is a versatile, plentiful material which has a wide range of uses, including paper, ceramics and coatings and the market is large and mature: 29.4m tonnes in 2019, growing at around 3.5% p.a., which means a net incremental 1mtpa of supply is needed to keep up with demand.

The kaolin market is widely dispersed: leading producer, Imerys (NK-PAR: €39.58 | Not Rated), accounts for around 16% with the next three combining for 10%.

Australia is endowed with high quality kaolin and there are a number of ways to play the thematic: Andromeda Metals (ADN-ASX | Not Rated) is the largest by market cap and offers exposure to the rare halloysite grade of the material; Suvo Strategic Minerals (SUV-ASX | Not Rated) has a profitable operation at an ex-Imerys site at Pittong in Victoria and is developing a project in Western Australia, and WA Kaolin (WAK-ASX | Not Rated) has the largest deposit and is readying for production start-up in Q1 CY2. Latin Resources (LRS-ASX | Not Rated) has also published promising study results.

Enhancing lithium-ion battery performance.

The performance of lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) is substantially improved by the application of high purity alumina (HPA) to the separator, slowing battery degradation and materially improving discharge periods. HPA is a very specific grade of alumina with a minimum purity of 99.99% (4N). Standard alumina from the Bayer process does not lend itself to LiB or other high-end electronics applications (e.g. LEDs) due to the presence of sodium as a contaminant.

Therefore, another route to HPA production is required and kaolin offers potential as a starting material.

High Purity Alumina — a new and emerging market.

Alumina, like kaolin, is an established industrial mineral but emerging applications in electronics and LiBs require ultra-pure grades, which therefore calls for a re-evaluation of the HPA production process.

In a market, amounting to tens of thousands of tpa, raw aluminium metal has been the expensive starting material for HPA production but Kaolin offers a potential solution as a long-term, cost-effective feedstock.

Two ASXlisted companies, Altech Chemicals (ATC-ASX | Not Rated) and FYI Resources (FYIASX | Not Rated), offer exposure to this relatively new process. A third, Alpha HPA (A4N-ASX | Not Rated) solves the problem using a fundamentally different process but producing promising results with comparable, and possibly lower, unit costs.

Industry forecasts project the HPA market to grow at 17% p.a. over the next seven years (Figure 5), suggesting that supply will need to grow to match that demand.

Different markets, different risks, different returns

Kaolin links the two markets together, but we believe they should be analysed separately. Whilst ATC and FYI have their own deposits, they do not plan to be full-time kaolin producers: ‘campaign’ mining will supply several years’ worth of HPA feedstock.

Kaolin production and processing tends to be relatively straightforward and there is a ready and growing market for the material. SUV, WAK and ADN either have, or are in the process of negotiating, offtake agreements for their products, often with distributors or users in the Asia-Pacific region. Capex is relatively low (tens of millions of dollars) and payback periods are fast, mostly measured in months.

The HPA market enjoys very dynamic growth potential over the next five years at least. There appears little dispute about the benefits of HPA in LiBs and LEDs, so the challenge remains for the industry to meet the demand. The projects tend to require significant capex running to hundreds of millions of dollars, whilst HPA pricing is projected to be an order of magnitude higher than for kaolin.

We would recommend reading the entire paper here.

Disclaimer: Canaccord Genuity is the global capital markets group of Canaccord Genuity Group Inc. (CF : TSX). The recommendations and opinions expressed in this research report accurately reflect the research analyst’s personal, independent and objective views about any and all the companies and securities that are the subject of this report discussed herein.

Figure 2. White Kaolin Clays at the Airfield Project from 5 to 60m BMRC001

Figure 2. White Kaolin Clays at the Airfield Project from April 2021

Kula Gold made a significant discovery of Kaolin and Halloysite during RC Drilling on the Airfield Gold Project tenement in April 2021, when drilling intersected thick >42m vertical kaolin clay development over the 300m drilled length, creating the Boomerang Kaolin Prospect.

The company believes the Exploration Target for planned follow up RC Drilling in August 2021 is between 30 and 100Mt of kaolin material based on the current thickness and the nature of the process that forms the wide zones of kaolin in weathered granite. It lies in a favourable location, being ~25km from the Kalgoorlie water pipeline and Highway 94 Perth to Kalgoorlie, and 42km to the Southern Cross rail yard. Whilst Kula’s results are preliminary, the Company believes that the initial assays are significant in grade and extent and require further drilling. (ASX announcement 13 July 2021).

Read more about Kula Gold’s Boomerang Kaolin Prospect.

Figure 2. The Southern Cross project includes 3 new ELA’s near Marvel Loch at Southern Cross.

The Boomerang Kaolin Prospect at Southern Cross.

– News Release –
Date: 11 August 2021 | ASX Code: KGD


About the Company
Kula Gold Ltd (ASX: KGD) is a Western Australia gold exploration company focussed on large land positions and structural geological settings capable of hosting ~1m oz deposits.
The company has projects within the Southern Cross WA region including Marvel Loch, Rankin Dome and Westonia, as well as near Kurnalpi and Brunswick. The company has a history of large gold resource discoveries with its foundation Woodlark Island project in PNG.
Contact the Company Secretary on Tel: +61(08) 6144 0592 or via cosec@kulagold.com.au

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>